Acne Treatments in Long Island, NY
Acne is a common condition that causes blocked pores, pimples, cysts and other lesions on the skin of the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms. While teenagers are often affected, adults of any age can suffer from acne. Acne is not
Causes of Acne
Acne develops on the skin when the pores become clogged, which may occur as a result of an overproduction of oil, a buildup of bacteria or shedding of dead skin cells that irritate the pores and hair follicles. When these substances build up in the hair follicle, they form a soft plug that forces the follicle wall to bulge and protrude from the skin, causing a lesion to develop. The cause of excess oil production is
In the first few months of life, some infants may suffer from acne. This type of acne is a common condition caused by the exposure of maternal hormones in the womb and clears up on its own within a few weeks or months.
Symptoms of Acne
While symptoms of acne most commonly appear on the face, neck, shoulders, back or chest, they can appear anywhere on the skin. Symptoms of acne may include:
These symptoms can come and
Treatment methods for acne aim to reduce oil production and increase the speed of skin cell turnover to prevent new blemishes from developing. Acne treatment also focuses on reducing inflammation to help treat current symptoms. Treatment may include a combination of topical ointments, antibiotics prescription, medication, or the use of oral contraceptives. These treatment methods may take up to eight weeks before results are visible, and acne may get worse before getting better.
Topical ointments applied to the affected area are often the first form of treatment used to treat acne. Over the counter ointments may contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid or lactic acid as an active ingredient to treat mild acne. Prescription ointments may contain higher concentrations of these active ingredients as well as retinoic or azelaic acid.
Oral Prescription Medications
Moderate cases of acne can often be treated through prescription oral antibiotics used to reduce bacteria and inflammation, which are often combined with topical treatments.
Certain procedures may be recommended by a doctor to treat scarring caused by acne. These procedures may include skin fillers, dermabrasion, microdermabrasion, or laser treatment. Many patients experience effective results from several treatment sessions which help to smooth the skin and remove the scars created by severe acne.
While breakouts of acne cannot always be avoided, there are certain measures that patients can take to reduce the risk of breakouts. These recommendations include:
- Avoid using heavy or oily cosmetics
- Remove makeup before going to bed
- Use mild cleansers on the skin
- Avoid sun exposure
- Avoid constant touching of the skin
Patients should also avoid picking or squeezing blemishes, and should be aware of what comes in contact with the face or affected area, as it can bring more unwanted bacteria to the skin.